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Kidneys are bean-shaped organs present in vertebrates, that are located near the middle of your back. Waste products in your blood come from different parts of the body and from the food which eaten. High blood pressure can be caused due to many reasons like a disturbance in the hormone production, unbalanced regulation of water and salt in the body. The kidney balances the hormone that causes blood vessels to constrict and control high and low blood pressure by controlling the fluid levels and by removing waste from the blood. The kidney plays an important role in improving the immunity of the body.
To maintain body chemical balance kidneys play an essential role to maintain the right amount of water in the body and filter excess water from the body. Kidneys also balance fluid levels by excreting the excess amount of water in the form of urine. An excess amount of water in the body causes swelling. For the body to work properly filtering out excess water from the body is very important.
The presence of minerals like sodium, potassium in the blood should need to be balanced because it directly affects the blood pressure of the body. Kidneys help to control the blood pressure and produce red blood cells which keep the bones healthy. Consumption of alcohol and smoking can damage the kidneys that alter blood pressure.
To keep the bones healthy and strong, kidneys convert vitamin D into its active form to absorb and balance the right amount of calcium and phosphorus which are important for strong bones. The kidney produces hormones that promote bone health.
The kidney makes the hormones called erythropoietin which circulates in the bloodstream and produces red blood in the body. Red blood cells help to carry oxygen from the lungs and supply to the body wherever the need. Red blood cells promote the energy level of the body for daily activities.
The kidney plays an important role to process and re-process the blood and shift out the waste product from the body such as creatinine and urea. With an increased amount of waste in the body affects the kidney functioning. The amount of waste creatinine can be measured easily with simple blood tests.
Given some early warning signs can help to diagnose kidney diseases:
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