Kidney Diseases: Types, Causes & Symptoms
What Are The Types of Kidney Diseases?
Kidney diseases affect the body functioning like managing fluid levels, electrolyte balance that keeps the body consistent and controlling the blood pressure of the body, etc. Some Kidney disorders such as:
- Nephritic Syndrome
- Kidney Stones
- Urinary Tract Infection, Cysts, Infection
- Kidney Failure
There are mainly two types of Kidney Failure
- Acute Renal Failure
- Chronic Renal Failure
Acute Renal Failure – ARF
Acute Kidney Failure caused due to damage to the Kidney. When Kidneys stop filtering the waste from the blood then Acute Kidney Disease occurs. People having Chronic Kidney disease are at risk of having Acute Kidney Injury as well. Patients having Acute Renal Failure requires intensive treatment otherwise it can be life-threatening. ARF is also known as Acute Kidney Injury or Acute Renal Failure.
Warning Signs of ARF:
- Swelling in the ankles, feet, and hand
- Internal bleeding, Feeling confused
- Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting
- Seizures, coma, high blood pressure
- Abnormal blood and urine tests, Pressure in the chest
Different causes of acute kidney disease:
- Little blood flowing through Kidneys
- Direct damage to the Kidney themselves or any injury to the Kidney
- Urine backed up in the Kidneys and blockage in the ureters
- Kidneys damage can be caused by excessive intake of drugs and alcohol and blood clots around the Kidneys
Chronic Renal Failure – CRF
Loss of Kidney functions over several months to years causes Chronic Kidney Failure. In the early stage of CRD (Chronic Renal Disease), patients need the right medications and a healthy diet. Advanced stage of Kidney disease patients needs dialysis or a kidney transplant to keep alive.
Warning Signs of CRF:
- Abnormal blood in urine tests
- Swelling, trouble sleeping, high blood pressure
- Bodyweight loss, chest pains, Seizures
- Low red blood cell count, vomiting
- Nausea, vomiting, metal taste in your mouth, loss of appetite, breathing problems
- Chest pains, numbness, confusion, and tingling
- Itching, fatigue, yellow-brown skin color
- Unhealthy and weak bones
- Headaches, muscle twitches, and cramps
Different Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease:
- The most common causes of CKF are diabetes and hypertension which leads to damage to the blood vessels
- Urinary tract infection or congenital abnormalities of the Kidneys
- Kidney damage because of backward urine flow into the kidney
- Poly-cystic Kidney disease caused due to the growth of cysts in the kidney
The most common Kidney problem is Kidney stone. Stones can be developed in different sites of the body like kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Kidney stone size varies in the form of size, shape, and color. The method of removal of stones completely depends on the size of the stones. Small-sized stones can easily pass out naturally through the urinary tract by urine with a high consumption of water. Stones can be diagnosed with medical investigations like X-rays and ultrasonography and removed with endoscopy and open surgery. The family history of Kidneys stone also increases the chances of developing them. If Kidney stones are not treated then it may cause severe pain in the back, side, lower abdomen, and also cause loss of Kidney function.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones
Unbearable pain, nausea, vomiting, obesity, blockage of the urinary tract, and blood in the urine.
- Urinary Tract Infection
It is an infection in the urinary system of the body. In the case of women, the chances of urinary infection are high than men. Urinary Infection happens in different parts of the urinary tract includes kidneys (Pyelonephritis), bladder (Cystitis), and urethra (Urethritis). In UTI infection, bacteria gets into the urine through the urethra and travel up into the bladder.
- Symptoms of UTIs
Fever, Pain in the lower abdomen or back, bad-smelling pee, and Feeling tired.
- Nephrotic Syndrome
Due to damage to the kidneys, this organ of the body release too much protein in your urine causes Nephrotic Syndrome disorder. With this disorder, the patient’s kidneys do not work properly.
- Too much protein level in urine
- Not feeling hungry
- High level of fats and cholesterol in the blood
- Loss of Appetite
- Swelling in the hands, feet, ankles, and legs